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Culture & Tradition

Everything to know about Tiji Festival in Lo Manthang

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Tiji Festival is the most auspicious festival in the Upper Mustang region of Nepal and each festival has its own importance and is celebrated with such a pure cause. Celebrated once a year for three days in the beginning of the harvest season, the festival is believed to be celebrated to dispel the demons.

This article was made possible with the help of  Samde Sharpa. Follow him on instagram here.

Group of monks performing dancing at the courtyard of Chode monastery
Group of monks performing dancing at the courtyard of Chode monastery during Tiji Festival. Photo: Samde Sherpa

Summary of information on Tiji Festival in Lo Manthang

What is the Meaning of Tiji?

The word Tiji originates from the word “Ten Che” which means “hope of Buddhism prevailing in the world for peace” and basically celebrates the triumph of God over demon. It consist of Tibetan rituals that celebrate the myth of a son who had to save the Mustang kingdom from destruction.

Where is Tiji Festival celebrated?

Lo Manthang, Upper Mustang

When is Tiji Festival celebrated?

The festival is celebrated once a year for three days in the beginning of the harvest season in the month of May. As Tiji is a lunar festival, every year the dates are different.

Why is Tiji Festival celebrated?

This festival initially began as a religious ceremony, to ward off obstacles and suffering that might befall the region. Later it also come to symbolize the hope and strength of the people of Lo Manthang

For how many days Tiji Festival is celebrated?

Three days ritual is celebrated by various kinds of dancing ceremonies in order to chase the devil away . The festival dances are all organized by the Choedhe Monastery, which belongs to the Sakya sect of Buddhism.

Since when the Tiji Festival is being celebrated? History about the Festival

Since the 17th century, when the Mustangi King Samdup Rabten invited Sakya Trizin Ngawang Kunga Sinam to come to Lo Manthang. He stayed at Lo Manthang’s Chhode Monastery and performed the special Vajrakila ritual for the wellbeing of all sentient beings, and also to dispel all negative elements in Mustang.

Photo Gallery

Mask dance performed by Monks in front of royal family during Tiji Festival in Lomanthang. Photo: Samde Sherpa
Mask dance performed by Monks in front of royal family during the Festival in Lomanthang. Photo: Samde Sherpa
Monks reciting holy text at last day of Tiji festival. Photo: Samde Sherpa
Monks reciting holy text at last day of the festival. Photo: Samde Sherpa
Tiji Festival in Lo Manthang. Photo: Samde Sherpa
Royal family attending last ritual of Tiji festival. Photo: Samde Sherpa
Royal family attending last ritual of the festival. Photo: Samde Sherpa
Ritual cake Tormas has been offered to key dancer at end of festival. Photo: Samde Sherpa
The key dancer doing Puja and praying
The key dancer doing Puja and praying during the Festival. Photo: Samde Sherpa
The key dancer preparing final ritual during the Festival in Lo Manthang. Photo: Samde Sherpa
The preparation of last ritual during Tiji Festival. Photo: Samde Sherpa
Monks from Lo Manthang performing the rituals during the festival. Photo: Samde Sherpa
Monks from Lo Manthang performing the rituals during the festival. Photo: Samde Sherpa
Monks in Lomanthang. Photo: Samde Sherpa
Monks in Lomanthang. Photo: Samde Sherpa

About the Photographer, Samde Sherpa

I am samdesherpa. I am from Rammechap. I have been working as freelance Trek / tour guide since 2005.I do speak English and French language. Basically I lead trek for Australian and French nationality. I am passionate traveling photographer. I have keen interest in learning Tibetanbuddhism.

 

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