15 Interesting Facts about Mount Everest

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Climber coming face-to-face with Everest and Lhotse in between Camp one and two. Photo: Kuntal A. Joisher

Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world, and 8,848m/29,030 feet in height, everybody knows. Nepal is south Asian country where the Mt. Everest is situated in the northern part of Nepal.

Interesting Facts about Mount Everest

  • Initially, the Mount Everest was called Peak XV.
  • In 1856, the mountain was named after George Everest, a retired Surveyor General who never even saw the peak.
  • In 1956, the history Shiromani Baburam Acharya has given the name ‘Sagarmatha’ to Mount Everest in the Nepali language.
  • 1974 was the last year that no one climbed Mount Everest.
  • First confirmed ascent was on 1953 by Edmund Hillary (NZ) and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay (Nepal)
  • Peter Hillary, Sir Edmund Hillary’s son, climbed the mountain in 1990, making the pair the first father and son to do so.
  • The oldest person to climb Everest is 80 year-old Yuichiro Miura of Japan.
  • Without extra oxygen, Australian Tim Macartney-Snape became the first to climb from sea level to the summit, in May 1990.
  • The mountain gets taller by 4mm every years due to upward thrust created by two opposing tectonic plates.
  • The temperature at the summit never rises above freezing, averaging -32F (-36C) in winter and -2F (-19C) in summer.
  • Winds on the mountain have been recorded at more than 200mph.
  • The record for the longest time spent on the summit is 21 hours, achieved by Babu Chiri Sherpa in 1999.
  • The first tweet from the summit was sent by Kenton Cool in 2011. He tweeted: “Everest summit no 9! 1st tweet from the top of the world thanks to a weak 3G signal”
  • The first phone call was placed from the summit in summer of 2013. Nepalese officials, however, were less than impressed and deemed it illegal.
  • Lhakpa Tenzing Sherpa currently holds the record for the highest number of successful ascents, having climbed Everest 21 times since 1990.